ABOUT THE HOLY TRINITY
(1)There is only one God, who is life and truth, the creator of everything visible and
invisible. (2) There is no other God than the One God, who is the original cause of
everything. (3) He is without beginning and is eternal. (4) He is incorporeal and cannot be
seen by eyes of the flesh, and is omnipotent. (5) Omniscient. (6) Omnipresent.

(7) perfect in goodness. (8) Inconceivable. (9) is without change. (10) and is ruler of
everything. (11) Them are three personalities in Godhead—the Father, Son and the Holy
Spirit. (12) That is, one in three and three in one. Between the three persons there is no
variation as regards seniority, stature or strength. They have one essence, one kingship, one
nature, one will, one thinking, one power, one glory and one leadership.


(1) Gen. 1:1 In the beginning when God created the heavens and the earth. Isa. 44: 24 I am the Lord
"who made all things. Deu. 5:26. For who is there of all flesh that has heard the voice of the living God
speaking out of fire, as we have, and remains alive? 1 John 5:20. And we know that the Son of God
has come and has given us understanding so that we may know him who is true; and we are in him
who is true, in his Son Jesus Christ. He, is the true God and eternal life. Dan. 2:8. The king
answered, "I know with certainty that you are trying to gain time, because you see I have firmly decreed."
(2) Isa. 43: 11,1, I am the Lord, and besides me there is no saviour. Isa. 45: 5, 6. I am the Lord and
there is no other; besides me there is no god. I arm you, though you do not know me…….I am the
Lord and there is no other.
(3) Isa. 41: 4. I, the Lord, am first, and will be with the last. Isa. 43: 10. Before me no god was formed, nor shall there be any after me.
(4) John 4:24 God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth. I Tim. 6:16. Whom no one has ever seen or can see
(5) Matthew 19:26. But for God all things are possible. Luke 1:37. For nothing will be impossible with
God. Psalms 147:5 his understanding is beyond measure.
(6) Psalms 139: 7 where can I go from your spirit? Or where can I flee from your presence?
(7) Ex. 34:6 The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love and faithfulness.
(8) Job 11:7.Can you find out the deep things of God?
(9) Jam. 1. 17. Every generous act of giving, with every perfect gift, is from above, coming down from
the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.
(10) Luke 10:21. "I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth.
(11) Gen.1:26. Then God says: "Let us make humankind in our image according to our likeness."
Matthew 28:19. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the
Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Gen.11:7. Matthew 3: 16,17.
(12) Isa. 6:3 And one called to another and said: "Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory."


ABOUT THE FATHER
(1)God the Father, who is one among the Holy Trinity is omnipotent
(2)creator of heaven and earth; as well as everything visible and invisible, begetter of the eternal Son, the Word, who was born of Him; and is perfect with all the attributes of God.


(1) John 10:29. What my Father has given me is greater than all else, and no one can snatch it out of the Father's hand.
(2) I Cor. 8:6 The Father from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist.



ABOUT THE SON
(1)The Word and Son of the Father, one among the Trinity, was born eternally from the Father. (2) is one in Essence with The Father and the Holy Spirit, and is uncreated. (3)The Son, without any change in His Godly estate, by His Father and the Holy spirit, took flesh from the holy virgin, became man, for the salvation of men (4) truly suffered in the flesh, (5) was crucified, (6) and died, (7) was buried (8) descended into hell and preached the good news to those who were there (9)rose from the dead on the third day. (10) On the 40th day after Resurrection, He ascended into Heaven, and sat on the right side of His Father.

That He became Man, does not mean that He dwelt in a righteous man born of a virgin, (11) on the other hand, that, He who is truly God, took flesh from the virgin without contact with man, by the Holy Spirit, and became truly man. (12) Without Godly nature changing to become human nature, without human nature changing to become Godly nature, or both getting mixed up, or uniting to become another substance, or one getting annihilated by the other, the two natures, Godhead and Man-hood, with perfect characteristics of both, except sin, were united never again to be separated. This union is a great mystery. (13) After the union, there can be no separation into two natures or two personalities.

But, one nature, one person, one pursupa (face)*, one will and one operation. He is perfect God and perfect man. When the spirit got separated from the body at the time of His death, (14) His Godhead without getting separated from the spirit and body, dwelt with both of them! (15) Because His Body was made incorruptible at Resurrection, never again have death or suffering authority over Him. (16) He is the way, the Truth and the Life. Without Him nobody is saved. (17) He will come again in His glory to judge the living and the dead.


(1) John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word an., God, and the Word was God. John 1: 14. We have seen his glory, the as of Father's only Son.
(2) John 10:30 The Father and I are one.
(3) Mala. 3: 6. For I the Lord do not change Heb. 2:14 since, therefore, the children share flesh and blood, he himself likewise shared the same things. John 1:14. And the Word became flesh and lived among us
(4) Act.1:3 after his sufferings……
(5) Mark. 15:24 And they crucified him……
(6) Roam. 5:6 For while we were still weak, at the right time Christ died for the ungodly.
(7) 1 Cor. 15:4 and that he was buried……
(8) 1 Peter 3:19 he went and made a proclamation to the spirits in prison.
(9) Act. 2:32. This Jesus God raised up, and of that all of us witness. Luke 24:39 Look at my hands and feet; see that it is I myself. Touch me and see; for a ghost does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have.
(10) Luke. 24:51 While he was blessing them, he withdrew from them and was carried up into heaven.
(11) Heb. 2:16 For it is clear that he did not come to help angels, but the Descendants of Abraham. John 1:14 And the Word became flesh and lived among us. 1sa. 7:14 Look, the young woman is with child and son, and shall be named Immanuel.
(12) Col. 2:9 For in him the whole fullness of deity dwells bodily. Heb. 2:9 so that by the grace of God he might taste death for everyone. lit. 2:13 while we wait for the blessed hope and the manifestation of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ. I Tim. 3:16 Without any doubt, the mystery of our religion is great. He was revealed in flesh, vindicated in spirit, seen by angels, proclaimed among gentiles, believed in through the world, taken up in glory. Heb. 1:2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son.
(13) Eph. 4:5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism 1 Cor. 1:13 Has Christ been divided?
(14) John I 9:34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once blood and water came out. * Pursupa or face' here does not mean the human face, But an image that can be visualised in the mind.
(15) Rom. 6:9 We know that Christ, being raised him. from never die again; death no longer has dominion over the dead, will never die again; death no longer has dominion over him.
(16) John 14:6 Jesus said to him, am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. Act.4:12 there is salvation in no one else, for there is no other name under heaven given among mortals by which we must be saved.
(17) Act. 17:31 because he has fixed a day on which, he will have the world judged in righteousness by a man whom he has appointed.
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ABOUT THE HOLY SPIRIT
(1)The Holy Spirit, the comforter and one among the Holy Trinity is co-equal to the Father and Son, uncreated and eternal. (2) He proceeds from the Father, (3) takes from the Son, is adored and glorified along with the Father and the Son. (4) And spoke through the prophets and the Apostles.


(I) 2 Cor. 3:18. We are being transformed into the same image from one degree of glory to another; for this comes from the Lord, the Spirit. 2 Cor. 13:13.The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with all of you.
(2) John 15:26 When the Advocate comes whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who comes from the Father, he will testify on my behalf.
(3) John 16:14 He will glorify me, because he will take what is mine and declare it to you.
(4) 2 Peter 1:21 because no prophecy ever came by human will, but men and women moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God. Matthew 10:20 for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you.
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ABOUT THE HOLY SACRAMENTS
Sacraments are the visible operations of invisible graces, ordained and instituted by our Lord, which are necessary for the salvation of mankind. These are also called Divine Mysteries.
Among the seven Sacraments
(1) Baptism, (2) Holy Qurbana, (3) Confession, (4) Chrismation, (5) Priesthood (Ordination), (6) Matrimony and (7) Anointing the sick,
(8) five are intended for all the faithful, and other two, priesthood and matrimony, are only for those who want to have them.
The Sacraments are to be received with the appropriate preparation and eligibility for each of them. Those who received them thus, will get the grace of God, and also increase the grace in them.


(1) John 3:5 No one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit.
(2) John 6:53 So Jesus said to them, Very truly, I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you.
(3) James 5:16 Therefore confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another, so that you may be healed.
(4) 1 John 2:27 As for you, the anointing that you received from him abides in you, and so you do not need anyone to teach you.
(5) Heb. 5:4 And one does not presume to take this honor, but takes it only when called by God, just as Aaron was.
(6) Matthew 19:6 Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate.
(7) James 5:14 Are any among you sick? They should call for the elders of the church and have them pray over them, anointing them with oil in the name of the Lord.
(8) Num. 8: 1,2 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: Speak to Aaron and say to him: When you set up the lamps, the seven lamps shall give light in front of the lampstand. Num.4.2
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ABOUT HOLY BAPTISM
Baptism is the first among the Sacraments. Other sacraments shall not be received before receiving Holy Baptism. (1) Through baptism, one gets sonship (of God) and becomes eligible for remission of sins and the gift of the Holy Spirit. (3) And for the fellowship in the company of the children of God. (4) But sacraments like baptism shall be received with devotion and faith; (5) because, sonship and love of God are obtained through faith. (6) Things like Chrism, olive oil and water which are used in sacraments like baptism, actions like making the baptize and confess the faith, laying of hands, breathing on the candidate, making the sign of the cross on the forehead etc. signify the graces which are received from God, and also things we are obliged to believe in and act upon, and those things that Christ did, as well as the invisible operations of the Spirit of God.
This is called Mamoodeeso(baptism) which means 'bathing' or 'washing', because those who receive baptism with true faith and devotion are washed clean of defilements, with water. (7) It is also called light, since, by this one is made to move from darkness of ignorance, and approach the divine light. (8) Baptism is also called ‘rebirth', since those who are born again from the womb of baptism, are children of grace. Since all humanity is condemned to punishment by God, not only due to sins of action, but also due to the original sin; and that forgiveness of sins and grace of God are obtained through baptism.
(9) The grace of baptism shall not be denied to little children. There shall be an assigned mediator in baptism for the following purposes- to show their deep desire for the salvation of children, to stand as representatives of children and to do things like confession of faith on their behalf, in the baptism of little children, to be persons responsible to teach children true faith and the like. (10)There is only one baptism for the remission of Sins. therefore, if a person, after being baptised, forsakes his faith in Christ, but later believes and come back, it is not necessary to baptize him once again.
He should be received back solely on the basis of his repentance. However, the baptism conducted by heretics who have discarded the true faith of the church, and those who do not have the lawful laying of hands in ordination ,is to be reckoned as lacking perfection. Instead, as prescribed in the Hoodaya Canon, the faith position of each heretic shall be examined, and accordingly, some are only to be anointed with the prayers of anointing with 0il; some others are only made to abjure their heresy; and some others are to be baptized using the entire order of service.


(I) Gal. 3:27 As many of you as were baptised into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. 29. And if you belong to Christ then you are Abraham's offspring, heirs according to the promise. John 3:5
(2) Act. 22:16. And now why do you delay? Get up, be baptized, and have your sins washed away, calling on his name. Act. 2:38 Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ so that your sins may be forgiven; and you will receive the gift of Holy Spirit.
(3) 1 Cor.12:13 For in the one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and we were all made to drink of one Spirit.
(4) Act. 8:36, 38 and the eunuch said, Look, here is water! What is to prevent me from being baptised? and then Philip baptized him.
(5) Gal. 3:26. For in Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith.
(6) Rom. 6. 3,4. Do you not know that all of us who have been baptised into Christ Jesus were baptised into his death? Therefore we have been buried with him by baptism into death, so that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life. 1 Peter 3:21. And baptism, which this prefigured, now saves you—not as a removal of dirt from the body, but as an appeal to God for a good conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ. John 20:22. When he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, receive the Holy Spirit. John 13: 14, 15. So if I, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet. For I have set you an Example, that you also should do as l have done to you. Act. 8:17. Then Peter and John laid their hands on them and they received the Holy Spirit.
(7) 1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, Gods own People, in order that you may proclaim the mighty acts of him who called you out of the darkness into his marvellous light.
(8) John 3:3. No one can see the kingdom of God without being born from above. Tit 3:5 but according to his mercy, through the water of re-birth and renewal by the Holy Spirit
(9) Mark 10:13, 14, 16. People were bringing little Children to him in order that he might touch them; and the disciples spoke sternly to them. But when Jesus saw this, he was indignant and said to them, let the little children come to me; do not stop them; for it is to such as these that the kingdom of God belongs to And he took them up in his arms ,laid his hands on them, and blessed them. Gen 17 :10-14
(10) Eph. 4:5 one Lord, one faith, one baptism.
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UNDERSTANDING INFANT BAPTISM
Coming to infants, faith, repentance and dedication, are not required from them, as a pre-condition to baptism. They can receive baptism and experience re-birth, through the faith of their parents and the Church, which administer this sacrament. As the infant grow, they must be helped to grow in the experience of re-birth, through personal commitment.
The conditions to be satisfied in infant baptism are (1) At least one parent must be a Christian In the case of an orphan, the foster parent must be a Christian. (2) There must be a god-parent, to take upon himself or herself, the responsibility of bringing up the child in Christian faith and dedication. The god-parent denounces satan and proclaims faith in Jesus Christ, on behalf of the child.
The faith of the congregation is also important, whether infant baptism or adult baptism. Note that the disciples were not able to heal a boy, because of their lack of faith even though the boy’s father had faith (St. Mark 9:17-29).
Examples of children and grown-ups who were benefited by the faith of others:
* The Children, blessed by Jesus, were not in a position to have faith. Their mothers had faith.
* The daughter of the Canaanite woman was healed, through the faith of the mother (St. Mark 15:21-28)
* John the Baptist, while in the womb of the mother, received Holy Spirit (St. Luke 1:15, 39-44). It must had been through the faith of the mother.
* The man sick of palsy was given the forgiveness of sins, through the faith of those who brought him (St. Matthew 9:1-2)


Other reasons which justify Infant Baptism:
1. To deny infants, baptism, means denial of the entry into the kingdom of God (St.John 3:3). Jesus answered In truth, in very truth I tell you, unless a man has been born over again, he cannot see the kingdom of heaven. It is against the command of Jesus Christ who said Let the children come to me and prevent them not (St Mark 10:14)
2. To deny children, baptism is also against the words of St. Peter, on the day of the Pentecost. For the promise is to you and to your children (infants) and to all who are far away, every-one whom the Lord our God may call (Acts 2:39). Here the Greek word used for children is tekna meaning infants.
3. It is universally accepted fact that the spiritual foundation of children is laid, in the very early years of infancy, hence it follows that baptism is to given as early as possible.
4. In fact infant baptism proclaims the truth that is God who takes the initiative in our spiritual life. This agrees with the words of God given through the prophet Isaiah For the sake of Jacob my servant, and Israel my chosen, I called you by name, and given you, your title, though you have not known me, I am the Lord, there is no other; there is no god besides me. I will strengthen you, though you have not known me. (Isaiah 45:4-5). The Holy Spirit takes the initiative when He enters our hearts and gives us faith. And no one can say, Jesus is Lord except under the influence of the Holy Spirit (I Corinthians 12:3). It is true that we have to respond to the working of the Holy Spirit. In the case of infants, they can respond as they grow up. See how the Spirit worked in John the Baptist, as he grew up from infancy. As the child grew up he became strong in Spirit (St Luke 1:80).
5. There is not a single verse in the Holy Bible, against infant baptism and there is no record of any postponement of baptism to adulthood, in the Holy Bible.
6. At the same time we find whole families getting baptised which implies infant baptism. The word family or household is used in the Holy Bible when there is at least one child for the couple. That is why in the case of Zachariah and Elizabeth, we read ‘Both of them and not Zachariah’s family (St.Luke 1:6). Hence baptism of a person’s household includes baptism of children also.
a. Lydia’s household was baptism as we see in Acts 16:15. She was baptized and her household with her.
b. The jailor of Philippi and his whole family were baptised as we see in Acts 16:33.
c. The baptism of the household of Stephanos is mentioned I Corinthians: 1:16.
d. The Baptism of the household of Crispus mentioned in Acts 18:6. Crispus, who held office in the synagogue, now became a believer in the Lord, with all this household and a number of Corinthians listened and believed, and were baptised.
These incidental references show that infant baptism was prevalent in the apostolic times. But a person who received baptism in his infancy, if he does not live a life of faith and repentance will not be benefited by his baptism. The baptismal covenant or dedication, is to be renewed again and again, through Holy Confession, whether he had received his baptism in infancy or adulthood. If anyone wishes to be a follower of mine, he must leave self behind, day by day; he must take up his cross and come with me (St Luke 9:23).
Baptism shall not be repeated in any case, if it was conducted according to the canons of the Church. Once a son is always a son is always a son. If he turns out to be a prodigal, what is necessary is only repentance and re-dedication, and not repetition of baptism. Repetition of baptism, is against the words of St. Paul, who says One Lord, One faith, One Baptism ‘(Eph. 4:5)
Taken from Rejoice in the Lord (A collection of essays)
By Late Lamented H.G. Dr. Mathews Mar Barnabas Metropolitan
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ABOUT THE HOLY QURBANA (EUCHARIST)
Holy Qurbana is the Sacrament that makes us partake in The Holy Body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ as food and drink, for the well being and salvation of our souls.(1)Because the Word united with human nature, just as His humanity is called God', the Holy Spirit dwells in the bread and wine offered in the Holy Qurbana. (2) Therefore it is to be believed that they are the Holy Body and Blood of the Lord, according to His command that 'this is My Body, and this is My Blood', (3) Though the substance does not change in sight and taste, to become the Holy Body and Blood, (4) those who receive them with faith and devotion get remission of sins and eternal life as the fruit of the Holy Body and Blood of our Lord. (5) But those who partake of it, without discrimination and devotion shall be condemned (6) It is not only that the Holy Qurbana is participation in the Holy Body and the Blood of Jesus,
(7) but also it is a sacrifice and offering according to the New Testament. (8) This sacrifice is more fruitful and glorious than sacrifices according to the Law and Old testament like blood offerings which foreshowed that the one sacrifice of Christ is to take place. (9) By this, it is shown that the sacrifice of Christ, for the sake of the salvation of the world has been accomplished: and it recalls his birth, public ministry, death, burial, resurrection etc. The articles like bread, wine, Tablet (portable Altar) etc, used in the Holy Qurbana and actions like fraction (breaking of the bread) and elevation of mysteries, symbolise the articles and actions used by Christ in His one and only sacrifice. It is not authorised to give Body alone, or Blood alone to the people, without the 'fraction' service in which Body and Blood are mixed.
(10) Since through the service of fraction, Blood is mixed in the Body and Body is mixed in the Blood, Qurbana can be dispensed either from the cup or from the chalice, and it is unnecessary to give twice, since Body and Blood are there in both. Those who receive the Holy Qurbana shall take Holy Confession sincerely, and receive it with true faith, devotion and prayer, and also preparing oneself with fasting, for the honour of the Holy Qurbana. (11) The bread that is used in the Holy Qurbana must be leavened, just as the bread used by Christ in his last supper was leavened. (12) Thus, through this, it is shown that Christ is the leaven that gives life to the whole world.


(1) Heb. 2:9 so that by the Grace of God he might taste death for everyone
(2) Mark 14:22-23 while they were eating, he took a loaf of bread, and after blessing it he broke it, gave it to them, and said, Take; this is my body Then he took up a cup, and after giving thanks he gave it to them, and all of them drank from it. He said to them, This is my blood Of the Covenant, which is poured out for many. John 6:55. for my flesh is true food and my blood is true drink. Matthew 26:26-28. Luke 22:19, 20 & 1Cor. 11:24-29
(3) 1 Cor. 11:26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes.
(4) 1 Cor. 11:28 examine yourselves, and only then eat of the bread and drink of the cup. Matthew 26:28. for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. John 6:51,53, 54,56,57 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats of this bread will live forever; and the bread that I will give for the life of the world is my flesh. So Jesus said to them, Very truly, I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. Those who eat my flesh and drink my blood have eternal life, and I will raise them up on the last day. Those who eat my flesh and drink my blood abide in me, and I in them. Just as the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father, so whoever eats me will live because of me.
(5) 1 Cor. 11:29-30 For all who eat and drink without discerning the body eat and drink judgement against themselves. For this reason many of you are weak and ill, and some have died.
(6) 1 Cor. 10:16. The cup of blessing that we bless, is it not a sharing in the blood of Christ? The bread that we break, is it not a sharing in the body of Christ?
(7) Mal.1:11. For from the rising of the sun to its setting my name is great among the nations, and in every place incense is offered to my name, and a pure offering; for my name is great among the nations, says the LORD of hosts. Matthew 5:23,24 So when you are offering your gift at the altar, if you remember that your brother or sister has something against you, leave your gift there before the altar and go; first be reconciled to your brother and sister and then come and offer your gift. Eph. 5:2. Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God.
(8) Heb. 10:1 Since the law was only a shadow of the good things to come and not the true form of these realities. Heb.9:13,14 For if the blood of goats and bulls, with the sprinkling of the ashes of a heifer, sanctifies those who have been defiled so that their flesh is purified. how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to worship the living God!
(9) Luke. 22: 1 9. Do this in remembrance of me. 1 Cor. 11: 20.24-26.
(10) Rom. 6:9. We know that Christ, being raised from the dead, will never die again; death no longer has dominion over him. Isa. 6:6-7 Then one of the seraphs flew to me, holding a live coal that had been taken from the altar with a pair of tongs. The seraph touched my mouth with it and said: Now that this has touched your lips, your guilt has departed and your sin is blotted out. John 6:51.
(II) Mark. 14:22. while they were eating, he took a loaf of bread. I Cor. 5:8 therefore, let us celebrate the festival, not with the old yeast, the yeast of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
(12) Matthew 13:33. He told them another parable: The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed in with three measures of flour until all of it was leavened.*
* The syriac word Ammeera here used for bread, is used for bread make with leavened dough, and not for making bread with unleavened bread (Patheera).
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ABOUT HOLY CONFESSION
Confession is a sacrament in which we receive remission of sins through repentance before God, by confessing our sins before the priest, who is the representative of God. It is also known as the sacrament (mystery) of repentance (1) It is right and be-coming on the part of priests, as representatives of God, to preach to the people, correct them, admonish them about their open sins, and lead them in the path of righteousness. Besides, as far as possible, the priest should try to know their activities, and also their inner spiritual condition, and give each of them the necessary counsel, and save them from their wrong ways.
The priest shall admonish the people about their sins sympathetically like a loving father. They shall prescribe appropriate amends to be made by the people for their sins, like fasting, giving alms and the like; they should tell the people and make them fear the justice of God, comfort them by making them depend on God's grace by telling them about His mercy, (2) saying on them the prayer of absolution, and bless them. For priests to do these things, it is necessary to know about the activities and inner condition of each person. (3) Those who made their confession should reveal to the priest, all their sins, and the state of their conscience.
(4) The priest should never reveal to any one, the sins revealed to him. Any priest, who violates this and reveals them, shall be liable for condemnation and punishment.(5) Priests do not acquire the authority to forgive sins by their own righteousness or their own power. (6) They pronounce forgiveness of sins by their advice, (7) by their prayers and by the grace they have received from the Lord. If it is right to say that the woman resurrected by the Lord by the prayer of Peter, was resurrected by Peter, then it is equally right to say about the Lord forgiving sins through confession and other sacraments, that the priests have authority to forgive sins. This agrees with the command of the Lord, If you forgive someone his sins, he shall be forgiven, and shall not amount to blasphemy.


(1) Mal. 2:7 For the lips of the priest should guard knowledge, and people should seek instruction from his mouth, for he is the messenger of the Lord of hosts. Isa 3:17-21 Mortal, I have made you a sentinel for the house of Israel; whenever you hear a word from my mouth, you shall give them warning from me. If I say to the wicked, You shall surely die and you give them no warning, or speak to warn the wicked from their wicked way, in order to save their life……………………………. etc.
Titus 1:9 He must have a firm grasp of the word that is trustworthy in accordance with the teaching, so that he may be able both to preach with sound doctrine and to refute those who contradict it. I Tim. 5:20 As for those who persist in sin, rebuke them in the presence of all, so that the rest also may stand in fear.
(2) Lev. 5:5-6 When you realize your guilt in any of these, you shall confess the sin that you have committed. And you shall bring to the Lord, as your penalty for the sin that you have committed…….etc. and the priest shall make atonement on your behalf for your sin.
(3) Deu. 26:3-3-10. You shall go to the priest who is in office at that time, and say to him,……. etc. Psal. 111:1.1 will give thanks to the Lord with my whole heart, in the company of the upright, in the congregation. Matthew 3:6 and they were baptized by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. Matthew 8:4. Then Jesus said to him. See that you say nothing to anyone; but go, show yourself to the priest, and offer the gift that Moses commanded, as a testimony to them. Act. 19:18 Also many of those who became believers confessed and disclosed their practices. James 5:16 Therefore confess your sins to one another, and pray for one another, so that you may be healed. The prayer of the righteous is powerful and effective. Num. 5:6,7 Lev.13. Pro.28:13
(4) Pro. 11:13 A gossip goes about telling secrets, but one who is trustworthy in spirit keeps a confidence. Pro. 25:9. Argue your case with your neighbour directly, and do not disclose another's secret.
(5) Acts 3:12, When Peter saw it, he addressed the people, You Israelites, why do you wonder at this, or why do you stare at us, as though by our power or piety we had made him walk?
(6) James 5:19,20 – My brothers and sisters, if any one among you wanders from the truth and is brought back by another, you should know that whoever brings back a sinner from wandering will save the sinner's soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.
(7) 1 Tit. 2:1,2 – First of all, then I urge that supplication and thanksgiving be made for everyone, for kings and all who are in high positions, so that we may lead a quiet and peaceful life in all godliness and dignity.
(8) John 20:22,23 – When he has said this, he breathed on them and said to them, Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven; if you retains the sins of any, they are retained. 1Tim. 4:14 – DO not neglect the gift that is in you, which was given to you through prophecy with laying on of hands by the council of elders";


ABOUT HOLY OILS
It is necessary that (1) we put on Christ in baptism (2) be born again in water and Holy Spirit (3) and be anointed by him and sealed for life. (4) Therefore, as the sign of these things, it is necessary to be anointed and sealed by holy Chrism and consecrated olive oil. Holy Chrism, which is consecrated by the Chief Metropolitan alone is used in baptism and also in the consecration of churches and tablets (Portable Altars). The olive oil sanctified by the bishops is also used in baptism. The use of these holy oils teaches us that we are to put on Christ and are to be reborn by the Holy Spirit, and we be sealed for life; It also shows us by action that it is being done so. When it is used in this way, they should be used in faith and devotion that they become effective in the spirit too.


(1) Gal : 3: 27, As many of you as were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.
(2) John: 3:5 No one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water ad Spirit.
(3) Eph. 1 :13 and have believed in him, were marked with the seal of the promised Holy Spirit. Chapter 10
(4) Ex. 30:22-33. The Lord spoke to Moses; take the finest spices: of liquid myrrhfive hundred shekels…….Whoever compounds any like it or whoever puts any of it on an unqualified person shall be cut off from the people. Song of Songs 3:6. What is that coming up from the wilderness, like a column of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all the fragrant powders of the merchants? 1 John 2:27 As for you, the anointing that you received from him abides in you, and so you do not need anyone to teach you.";


ABOUT THE HOLY ORDERS
Priests are the guides to transform worldly people to be heavenly, and those with animal nature to be of Godly nature.
(1)They are the ambassadors of the unseen (2) God and the ministers of the Holy sacraments entrusted to the church by God. (3)No one can take this position upon himself on his own. (4)It shall be only for those chosen according to the will of God, and who receives the laying of hands from Christ. (5)Without the laying of hands according to this, and the necessary permission, no one has the authority to minister in the church or to preach publicly. The higher authority for the holy orders shall vest with the Patriarch Moran Mar Ignatius, who reigns on the throne of Antioch. (6)Those who belong to the holy orders, as long as they are not ousted or excommunicated by council (synods ) or by their respective higher ( spiritual ) authorities, though they are ineligible, nobody can doubt about the fruits of the sacraments ministered by them or refrain from participating in them.
Because they have (7) the holy anointment in them, and because the sacraments are ministered unto them in the name of Christ, and because the fruits of the sacraments do not depend on the righteousness of the priest who ministers unto them, those who participate in them with pure conscience and true faith, get their benefits. However for those priests who minister unto them in an unholy and unbecoming manner, they shall be for condemnation and punishment. (8)However, those who are seen as evil, shall be excommunicated, after which they shall not administer any sacraments; and the faithful laity shall not partake with those who defy and administer sacraments.


(1) 2 Cor. 5:20 So we are ambassadors for Christ, since God is making his appeal through us; we entreat you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God.
(2) Act, 6:4 while we, for our part, will devote ourselves to prayer and to serving the word.
(3) Heb. 5:4 And one does not presume to take his honour, but takes it only when called by God, just as Aaron was.
(4) 4) 1 Tit. 4 : 14 Do not neglect the gift that is in you, which was given to you through prophecy with the laying of the hands by the council of elders. John 20 : 22,23, Act. 12 : 2,3, 2 Tim. 2:2, Tit 1: 5
(5) 5) Jer. 23:21 I did not send the prophets, yet they ran; I did not speak to them, yet they prophesied
(6) 6) Mathew 23 :2,3 The scribes and the Pharisees sit on Moses' seat; therefore, do whatever they teach you and follow it; but do not do as they do, for they do not practice what they teach.
(7) Levi. 21:12 The consecration of the anointing oil of his God is upon him. Mathew 22:23. On that day many will say to me, : Lord , Lord, did we not prophecy in your name and cast out demons in your name, and do many deeds of power in your name ? Then I will declare to them , I never knew you ; go away from me, you evil doers.
(8) St. Matthew 18:17 – If the member refuses to listen to them, tell is church; and if the offender refuses to listen even to the church, let one to be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector. 1 Cor. 5:11.";


ABOUT MARRIAGE
Marriage is a holy sacrament that binds man and woman binds them inseparably and unites them spiritually, and gives them and their children blessings and graces from God.
1- Marriage is good 2- Marriage should not be denied to anyone. 3- However, no one has the right to marry another woman, when his lawful wife is alive, or to divorce his wife for any reasons other than those stipulated in the Hoodaya' canon, by the church, or to marry, violating the provisions given in the canon law. 4- Marriage is not merely an agreement, (5)It is a sacrament, and because it is by God that a woman in arranged for marriage to man, and they become one flesh, marriage shall not be conducted without a priest, who is the representative of God.


1- Hebrew 13:4 Let marriage be held in honour by all, and let the marriage bed be kept undefiled; for God will judge fornicators and adulterers.
2- 1 Timothy 4:3 They forbid marriage and demand abstinence from foods which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth.
3- Matthew 19:4-9 He answered, Have you not read that the one who made them at the beginning made them male and female ……. Leviticus :.18
4- Romans 7:2 Thus a married woman is bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives; but if her husband dies, she is discharged from the law concerning the husband.
5- Matthew 19:6 Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate. Proverbs 19:14 – A prudent wife is from the Lord.";


ABOUT ANOINTMENT OF THE SICK
1- It is necessary that one should pray for another. 2- Also to carry burdens mutually. 3- To pray especially for the sick; and for priests, through their counsels to make the sick, courageous in Spirit; to pray for their healing in body and Spirit and to anoint them with olive oil.
This oil, called "the Oil of grace, which is sanctified by bishops or by priests, who are permitted to bless olive oil, as per the Order of Kantheela (Order of anointing the sick) is applied on the sick, is effective in making the sick courageous enough to win over the temptation of Satan, and to show that they have renounced worldly ambitions, and their spirits have been anointed with the oil of the grace of the Lord. It can also be a means of healing, if the Lord wills.


1 – James 5:16 – And pray for one another. I Thes. 1:2. We always give thanks to God for all of you and mention you in our prayers, constantly.
2 – Galations 6:2 – Bear one another's burdens, an in this way you will fulfil the law of Christ.
3 – James 5:14,15 – Are any among you sick? They should call for the elders of the church and have them pray over them, anointing them with oil in the name of the Lord. The prayer of faith will save the sick, and the Lord will raise them up: and anyone who has committed sins will be forgiven. St. Mark 6:13- They cast out many demons, and anointed with oil many who were sick and cured them.";
ABOUT PRAYER
Prayer is human beings' coming to realise their creator, and the good things that they receive from Him and praise Him, doing His will, raising their hearts to God the creator, to have communion with Him, in order to ask and secure from him those things which are needed for the Salvation of their souls and the wellbeing of the body. Those prayers which are approved and used in the Church, prepared by the holy fathers for use in prayers, for each day and the canonical hours, are usually called the common (public) prayer.
Whereas each person expressing gratefulness for the good that they receive from God, and entreating for their personal needs is called private prayer.
(1) Both these ways of prayer shall be done with devotion and faith.
(2) It is most appropriate to do the common public prayer in churches; and if it is not possible, to do the common public prayer in churches; and if it is not possible, to do them in houses, with all the people who can assemble there.
(3) According to the command of our Lord, and as ordained in the canon law and the order of services in the church, prayers shall be regularly said standing, and also prostrating; and kneeling on occasions like confession, ordination, Pentecost Sunday Service. Since it is not lawful to kneel and worship on Sundays and other festival days of the Lord; and also during the days from Easter Sunday to Pentecost Sunday, it shall be done accordingly.


(1) James 1:6-8 But ask in faith, never doubting, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea, driven and tossed by the wind, for the doubter being double-minded and unstable in every way, must not expect to receive anything from the Lord. Matthew 21:22 Whatever you ask for in prayer in faith, you will receive.
(2) Acts 3:1 – One day Peter and John were going up to the temple at the hour of prayer at three 0'clock in the afternoon. Matthew 18:20 – For where two or three gathered in my name, I am there among them.
(3) Mark 11:25 – Whenever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against anyone; so that your father in heaven may also forgive you your trespasses. Luke 18:10-13 – Two men went up to the temple to pray one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. The Pharisee, standing by himself, was praying thus……
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ABOUT FASTING
(1)Fasting is the first command given by God to Adam, (2) which was observed in the Jewish church, as per the command of God, (3) what our Lord commanded, observed and taught (4) what his disciples used to observe, and what is ordained and confirmed and has been vogue in the church. (5) However, it is not enough to fast in the body alone, renouncing food, but fasting shall be in the spirit as well, by keeping away from evil. (6) The aim of fasting is to teach that spiritual things are more valuable than bodily things, to enrich the spirit by over powering bodily desires; to deny bodily desires and awaken the spirit to godly things, and that it shall be a weapon to defeat Satan.
Since love of appetite in the mother of numerous sins, fasting is an effective means to curb the sins that originate from it. (7) Therefore, Wednesday and Friday are to be observed as fasting days every week; besides , the fifty days' Lent, including the Passion Week, twenty five days' Lent, fifteen days' Lent, Apostles' Lent, three days' (Ninevah) Lent are the five fasting seasons ordained in the Church. During these days, (8) conjugal relationships, eating of fish and meat, and the like are to be renounced; and practices like eating one meal a day, fasting till noon shall be observed according to the ability of each person and the ordinances of the Church.


(1) Genesis 2:17 – But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall die.
(2) Joel 2:12 – Yet even now, says the Lord, return to me with all your heart, with fasting, with weeping, and with mourning; rend your hearts and not your clothing, Zach. 7:5-8
(3) St. Matthew 4:2 – He fasted forty days and forty nights, and afterwards he was famished. St. Matthews 9:15 – The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and then they will fast.
(4) Acts 13:2 – While they were worshipping the Lord and fasting, the Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them".
(5) St. Matthew 6:16 – "And whenever you fast, do not look dismal, like the hypocrites, for they disfigure their faces so as to show others that they are fasting."
(6) Philemon 3:19 –Their end is destruction; their god is the belly; and their glory is in their shame; their minds are set on earthly things. St. Matthew 17:21 But this kind does not come out except by prayer and fasting.
(7) St. Luke 18:12 – I fast twice a week; I give a tenth of all my income.
(8) 1 Cor.7:5 – Do not deprive one another except perhaps by agreement for a set time, to devote yourselves to prayer, and then come together again, so that Satan may not tempt you because of your lack of self-control. II Samuel 1:12 & Daniel 1:8.
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ABOUT SUNDAYS AND FESTIVAL DAYS (MARANAYA FESTIVALS)
The holy Apostles and the fathers of the church have decreed that, Sundays which commemorate the resurrection of our Lord, his miracles (mighty works), the sanctification of the church etc; and the days fixed as ‘Maranaya'(important) festivals in commemoration of his birth, baptism, Presentation in the temple etc. (1) shall be observed with great devotion and respect. On these days, we shall keep away from worldly pursuits, and get involved in spiritual activities like Holy Qurbana, Bible reading, Singing divine hyms etc (2) These Holy days shall be observed in Christian tradition, and not according to the Jewish or gentile tradition, and these days shall not be spent without participating in spiritual activities and whiling away the time is a slothful manner.


(1)I Cor 11:20 when you come together, it is not really to eat the Lord's supper 20: 7-16
(2)I Cor 5:8 Therefore, let us celebrate the festival, not with the old yeast, the yeast of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth Colossians 2:16
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ABOUT THE MEMORIAL DAYS OF SAINTS
(1)It is our duty and the right things to do, to observe the memorial days of the Mother of God, Apostles, Martyrs, and saintly men and women. (2) Their memory shall be a blessing, and their prayers a great help for us. Except for those days fixed to be observed as "Maranaya" festivals, on these memorial days, though it is not mandatory to keep away from worldly pursuits, (3) we shall try to meditate on the firm and deep faith of the saints, and follow their footsteps.


(1) Judges 11:40 for four days every year the daughter of Israel would go to lament the daughter of Jeph'thah the Gil'ead. Psalms 112:6, Matthew 23:29,Luke 1:48
(2) Proverb 10:7 - The memory of the righteous is a blessing.
(3) Hebrews 13:7 - Remember our leader, those who spoke the word of God to you ; consider the outcome of their ways of life, and imitate their faith Hebrews 6:12
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ABOUT THE MOTHER OF GOD
(1) Because, with the annunciation by the angel, God the Word, was conceived in the womb of the Virgin, and Godhead and manhood were united inseparably in the womb itself, and the virgin gave birth to Emmanuel, (2) Perfect God and perfect Man (3) the virgin shall be called "Mother of God". Because the Holy Virgin became eligible that her womb became the throne of the Son of God, (4) She remains virgin for ever, without knowing a man. (5) We have to call her ‘blessed' following the words of the angel, and desire especially for her prayers.


(1) Luke 1.35 The angel said to her, " The Holy spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be holy ; he will be called Son of God"
(2) Isa 7.14 Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign. Look the young women is with child and shall bear a son, and shall name him Immanuel
(3) Luke 1:43, And why has this happened to me, that the mother of my Lord comes to me?
(4) John 19: 26-27 "Woman, here is your son, " Then he said to the disciple, "Here is your mother." And from that hour, the disciple took her into his own home. Ezekiel44:1-3.
(5) Luke 1:28,48 And he came to her and said, "Greetings, favoured one! The Lord is with you." For he has looked with favour on the lowliness of his servant. Surely, from now on all generations will call me blessed.
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ABOUT PRAYERS TO THE SAINTS

(1) Since the departed saints are living in spirit, (2) it is must that we respect and love them as we do the living saints for the sake of Christ. Because they are the beloved of Christ, when we respect and love them, we are actually respecting and loving our Lord. (3) The children of early fathers like Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, who were the beloved of God, remembered theirs, and prayed to God " Lord, have mercy on us for their sake." God listened to their prayers and granted their petition. In the same manner, it is good and acceptable before God, that we remember the saints who begot us in spirit, showed us the path of life, and shed their blood for the sake of Christ; and pray to God, "have mercy on us for their sake."
(4) Because death is only the separation of body and spirit and not something that annihilates the spirit; and (5) Since the spirits of saints, with the grace of the Holy Spirit; which God has endowed them with, sit in the (6) place of happiness and (7) praise the Lord like angels, and wish and pray for the salvation of the people of their world. It is beneficial for us to pray to such saints saying " You pray to the Lord for our sakes" (8) Since God not only listens to the prayer of saints, but also scans the ‘faith and intention of those who seek their help, in whatever way we consider, prayer to the saints is very good and highly rewarding.
(9) Whatever we do to the saints, as the loved ones of God, without equating them with God, are good and pleasing before Him. (10) Angels and the Spirits of saints know what is happening in the world, through the spiritual power that God has given them, and not through omniscience by nature. (11) While the power that Satan had before his fall has not been taken away from him after the fall, it shall be an insult to God and his servants, to say that the holy angels and the spirits of the saints who have attained perfection, are not given to know even things about themselves.
The departed saints, and the living ones praying for others, and being requested to pray for others, are only through the sole mediation of Christ; and never against it or in negation of it. Also prayer for each other in ordained by God. Therefore, prayer to the saints, does not decrease the power of the sole mediation of Christ or belittle it.
If the request to the departed saints, "pray for us" amounts to insulting the mediation of Christ, then the request to the living saints, "pray for us" also amounts to insulting the same mediation.
Thus it is difficult to understand the reasoning of those who say that the intersession of the living does not insult the mediation of Christ, but the intercession of the departed ones does. However, since prayer for each other and to the departed saints has been in vogue from very early times, and is befitting to the truth of the Bible, and it is being observed in the Holy Church to this day, and are seen to be highly beneficial, it is right and in order to observe it with devotion.


(1) Luke 20:38. "Now He is God not of the dead, but of the living; for to Him all of them are alive." 1 Peter 3:19. "He went and made a proclamation to the spirits in prison."
(2) Matthew 10:40-41. "Whoever welcomes you welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes the one who sent me. Whoever welcomes a prophet in the name of a prophet will receive a prophet's reward; and whoever welcomes a righteous person will receive the reward of the righteous"
(3) Deut. 9:27 "Remember your servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; pay no attention to the stubbornness of this people, their wickedness and their sin." Isa 37:35." For I will defend this city to save it, for my own sake and for the sake of my servant David"
(4) Psal. 13:4 "And my enemy will say, "I have prevailed"; my foes will rejoice because I am shaken." Ecc. 12:7 "And the dust returns to the earth as it was, and the breath returns to God who gave it." John 8:51 " Very truly, I tell you, whoever keeps my word will never see death"
(5) John 14:16 "And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Advocate, to be with you forever"
(6) Luke 23:43. He replied, "Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise". Phili. 1:21, 23. "For to me, living is Christ and dying is gain. I am hard pressed between the two: my desire is to depart and be with Christ, for that is far better"
(7) Job 16: 19-20. "Even now, in fact, my witness is in heaven, and he that vouches for me is on high, My friends scorn me; my eyes pour out tears to God". Psal. 30:12 "So that my soul may praise you and not be silent. O Lord my God, I will give thanks to you forever. Psal. 115:17-18. "The dead do praise the Lord, nor do any that go down into silence. But we will bless the Lord from this time on for evermore. Praise the Lord!" Zech. 1:12 " Then the angel of the Lord said, " O Lord of hosts, how long will you withhold mercy of Jerusalem and the cities of Judah, with which you have been angry these seventy years?" Luke 16:9 " And I tell you, make friends for yourself by means of dishonest wealth so that when it is gone, they may welcome you into the eternal homes" Luke 16:27 "He replied ‘What is impossible for mortals is possible for God." Jere. 31:15 "Rachel is weeping for her children, because they are no more" Judges 13:17 "Then Manoha said to the Angel of the Lord, ‘What is your name, so that we may honour you when your words come true?" Jere. 15:1, Matthew 27:46-49.
(8) Acts 5:14-16 "Yet more than ever believers were added to the Lord, great numbers of both men and women, so that they even carried out the sick into the streets, and laid them on cots and mats, in order that Peter's shadow might fall on some of them as he came by. A great number of people would also gather from the towns around Jerusalem, bringing the sick and those tormented by unclean spirits, and they were all cured"
(9) Matthew 25:40 "And the king will answer them, ‘Truly I tell you, just as you did it to one of the least of these who are members of my family, you did it to me"
(10) 2 Sam. 14:20 "In order to change the course of affairs your servant Job did this. But my lord has wisdom like the wisdom of the angel of God to know all things that are on the earth" Luke 15:10, Heb. 12:22, Jere. 31:15
(11) Matthew 4:6 "saying to Him, ‘if you are the Son of God, throw yourself down; for its written, ‘He will command His angels concerning you' and ‘On their hands they will bear you up, so that you will not dash your foot against a stone". Gen. 3:1, Job 1
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ABOUT HOLY RELICS
(1) We are to treat the Tomb of our Lord, and also the bones and relics of saints with respect and devotion. (2) Those who remember the power of our Lord, and the gifts he has given to his saints, and treat their relics with devotion, shall receive from God blessings and healing for their illness and other infirmities.


(1) 1 King 13:31. "After he had buried him, he said to his sons, "When I die, bury me in the grave in which the man of God is buried; lay my bones beside his bone." 2 King 23:17-18, Exo. 13:19.
(2) 2 King 13:21. "As a man was being buried, a marauding band was seen and the man was thrown into the grave of Elisha; as soon as the man touched the bones of Elisha, he came to life and stood on his feet." Mathew 9:20,21, 14:36, Acts 5:5, 19:2
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"ABOUT PRAYER FOR THE DEPARTED
It was for the sake of human beings, from Adam onwards to the last, that our Lord was born as a human being, observed fasting, offered himself as sacrifice, descended into hades and preached there, rose from dead, ascended to heaven, sat on the right hand side of His Father, and intercedes on our behalf. He did and continuous to do it that there shall be (2) graceful and just means to save them in the fullness of His love for His creations human beings, (3) also to give to all human beings a faultless and perfect example. Therefore, as becomes perfect love, we too, following the example given to us by our saviour and teacher, should wish and pray for the salvation of all the people from Adam.
(4) Just as Christ, who is the head,reckons all humans from Adam to the last as His own body and cares for them, it is becoming that all from Adam to the last, who are body parts of each other shall, as parts of each other, bear burdens mutually, and pray for each other. We pray of ourselves and our brethren who are living, saying, "Lord, forgive our sins", not because there is the possibility that we shall continue to live in our body and grow in righteousness, and God shall forgive our sins. Besides when we pray for those who are on their death bed, for their remission of sins, we do not pray that they be made to continue to live in their body and do righteous deeds, and then forgive their sins. We only pray that, whether they live or die, God may forgive their sins in His mercy. God has decreed the time upto last judgment as the period of mercy, not only for the living and those who are on the death bed, but also for (5) those who died with hope in God.
Prayer and sacrifice for the dead was a practice in the Jewish Church, (6) what our Lord practiced and taught his disciples, (7) what the Apostles too practiced, and what is practiced in the Church from very early times to this day. The hope of the departed regarding their salvation is augmented through our prayers; their sins are forgiven and they get consolation. Therefore, prayer for the dead is befitting, necessary and beneficial. However, if a worldly minded person takes life for granted thinking that others will pray for him when he is alive, and even after his death, it amounts to one of the deadly sins.
(8) And, even if all the saints, prophets and all the people of the world pray for him, he will not become eligible for grace. (9) Since he follows the negative reasoning that says, let us continue in sin, so that grace shall increase," he shall be devoid of grace. Those who receive grace while alive and even after death by prayers of others, are those who become eligible for grace with their firm faith in God, even though they have committed sins, but not deadly sins.";

(1) Rom. 5:18. "Therefore just as one man's trespass led to condemnation for all, so one man"s act of righteousness leads to justification and life of all." 1 peter 3:19, John 17:20, Luke 7: 14,15 (8) And, even if all the saints, prophets and all the people of the world pray for him, he will not become eligible for grace. (9) Since he follows the negative reasoning that says, let us continue in sin, so that grace shall increase," he shall be devoid of grace. Those who receive grace while alive and even after death by prayers of others, are those who become eligible for grace with their firm faith in God, even though they have committed sins, but not deadly sins.
(2) 1 Peter 2:24 "He himself bore our sins in his body on the cross, so that, free from sins, we might live for righteousness, by His wounds you have been healed". "(8) And, even if all the saints, prophets and all the people of the world pray for him, he will not become eligible for grace. (9) Since he follows the negative reasoning that says, let us continue in sin, so that grace shall increase," he shall be devoid of grace. Those who receive grace while alive and even after death by prayers of others, are those who become eligible for grace with their firm faith in God, even though they have committed sins, but not deadly sins.;
(3) 1 Peter 2:21 For to this you have been called, because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, so that you should follow in his steps". John 13:15
(4) Eph. 5:23, 29. "For the husband is the head of the wife just as Christ is the head of the church, the body of which He is the Savior. For no one ever hates his own body, but he nourishes and tenderly cares for it, just as Christ does for the church." 1 Cor. 12: 12-27, Gala. 6:2
(5) Ruth 2:20 "Blessed be he by the Lord, whose kindness has not forsaken the living or the dead". Psal. 88: 10-12. "Do you work wonders for the dead? Do the shades rise up to praise you? Is your steadfast love declared in the grave, or your faithfulness in Abaddon? Are your wonders known in the darkness, or your saving help in the land of forgetfulness?" 1 Peter 3:19.
(6) Deu. 33:6 "May Reuben live, and not die out, even though his numbers are few." 2 Macca.12:42-43 "and they turned to supplication, praying that the sin that had been committed might be wholly blotted out. The noble Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves fee from sin, for they had seen with their own eyes what had happened as the result of the sin of those who had fallen."
(7) 2 Tim. 1:16-18 "May the Lord grant mercy to the household of Onesiphorus, because he often refreshed me and was not ashamed of my chain; when he arrived in Rome, he eagerly searched for me and found me. May the Lord grant that he will find mercy from the Lord on that day! And you know very well how much service he rendered in Ephesus."1 Cor.15:29. Acts 20:10.
(8) Psal. 109:14 "May the iniquity of his father be remembered before the Lord, and do not let the sin of his mother be blotted out." Jere. 15:1, 16:6-7, 17:1.
(9) Rom. 6:1 "What then are we to say? Should we continue in sin in order that grace may abound?";
"; ABOUT BURIAL OF THE DEAD
For whatever man does by way of good or evil, while he lives in his body, he shall receive rewards or punishment in his body, (1) with a changed nature, after resurrection. Therefore it is unbecoming to bury the bodies of the deceased without prayers and other services, as if they are of animals. Instead, (2) since we have hope of resurrection, (3) the bishops, priests, the religious, lay people, etc. shall be buried, according to their stature, with prayers and services as ordained in the church. Great interest and devotion shall be shown in burying the dead. In the same way, if the children of Christian parents die without being baptised, they shall be buried with prayers, since they are the children of the faithful.


1 – 1 Corinthians 15:53 For this perishable body must put on imperishability, and this mortal body must put on immortality. II Cor. 5:10 – For all of us must appear before the judgement seat of Christ, so that each may receive recompense for what has been done in the body, whether good or evil.
2 – Thes. 4:13 – But we do not want you to be uniformed, brothers and sisters, about those who have died, so that you may not grieve as others >>>do who have no hope.
3 – Eccl. 6:3 – A man may beget a hundred children, and live many years; but however many are the days of his years, if he does not enjoy life's good things, or has no burial, I say that a still born child is better off than. II Samuel 2:5 David sent messengers to the people of Jabesh-gil and said to them, "May you be blessed by the Lord because you showed this loyalty to Saul your Lord, and buried him. Acts 8:2
"; ABOUT FASTING, HOLY QURBANA,GIVING ALMS, ETC. FOR THE SAKE OF THE DEPARTED
Besides conducting prayers for parents and brethren who have slept in the Lord, (1) fasting for their sake, (2) offering Holy Qurbana on their memorial day, which recalls the sacrifice of our Lord, and entreats His mercy, giving alms which brings us mercy and grace from God, are good and pleasing before God. Whatever our Lord did, and also his sacrifice, are not only for the living, but also for the departed. According to the example he has showed us, we shall do everything we can, by word and deed, not only for those who are living but also for our departed; offering Holy Qurbana daily, and spending all wealth for feeding the poor, shall bring absolutely no benefit, to those who die with no faith in Christ, and are not eligible for the grace of God. However, those who do these good works with good intention, shall rap benefit out of them.

(1) 1 Sam 31:13 "The battle pressed hard upon Saul; the archers found him, and he was badly wounded by them." 2 Sam. 1:12 "Abher son of Ner, and the servant of Ishbaal son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon."
(2) Acts. 10:4 "He stared at him in terror and said, "What is it Lord?" He answered, "Your prayers and your alms have ascended as a memorial before God." Dani 4:27
";
ABOUT MAKING THE SIGN OF THE CROSS AND ADORATION OF THE CROSS
(1)The sign of the cross shall be made on us to remind us that we should seek refuge in the death of Christ on the cross for our protection and salvation, and that we shall always carry the cross in us, which signifies the passion of Christ, and that His Cross is the sign and pride of us Christians; and to proclaim that we believe it ad do accordingly. Since the whole mankind was saved by the Cross of the Son of God, we shall adore it. The Cross that we should adore is not that which is made in the shape of a cross, using gold, silver, stone or wood. They are made as a memorial for our knowledge. One of the main reasons why a cross is not consecrated is this.
But nevertheless, the great God who cannot be seen or turned into a shape, shall be shaped in our hearts, and we look at it with our spiritual eyes and adore it. Likewise, we are to shape the cross of the son of God in our hearts, look at it with our spiritual eyes and adore it. (2) When we adore before the cross, it amounts to adoring the Lord who was crucified, and his death on the cross. Just what David did in front of the Ark of the Covenant, was reckoned as an act done before God, not as idolatry; adoring Christ and his death on the Cross shall be reckoned a blessing and not as idolatry. It is only decreed that (3) no images shall be made and worshipped.
(4) However, it is not considered as idolatry to make cross and other things for remembrance of Biblical events, (5) for information and for the decoration of the church, and using the church and church articles with respect and devotion.

(1) Gala. 6:14. "May I never boast of anything except the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world." 1 Cor.1:18. Heb 13:13, Mathew 16:24 Philip: 3:18.
(2) Heb. 11:21. "By faith Jacob, when dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph, "bowing in worship over the top of his staff." 2 Sam. 6:14-16.
(3) Exo. 20:4 "You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath or that is in the water under the earth." 2 Kings 18:4
(4) Exo. 25:18 "You shall make two cherubim of gold; you shall make them of hammered work, at the two ends of the mercy seat." Num 21:8. "And the Lord said to Moses, "Make a poisonous serpent, and set it on a pole; and everyone who is bitten shall look at it and live." Josh 4:3-7.
(5) Lev. 12:4 "she shall not touch any holy thing, or come into the sanctuary, until the days of her purification are completed." 2 Sam. 6, Dani.5.
";
ABOUT CHASTITY
Though it is not right to deny marriage to anyone, (1) it is good if a person decides by his own will not to marry, and keep his body and spirit unblemished before God, and work for God, (2) If a person takes a vow to be celebate, but later breaks his vow and marries, though he is not ineligible for salvation, he carnet be considered as faultless. Such individuals shall be cut off from the honor and position they have in the church.


(I) 1 Corinthians. :7:7,8,32,33. 1 wish that all were as I myself am. But each has a particular gift from God, one having one kind and another a different kind. To the unmarried and the widows I say that it is well for them to remain unmarried as I am. I want you to be free from anxieties. The unmarried is anxious about the affairs of the Lord, how to please the Lord. But the married man is anxious about the affairs of the world, how to please his wife. Matthew 19:12.
(2)1 Timothy 5:12 - And so they incur condemnation for having violated their first Pledge.
";
ABOUT MARRIAGE OF THE CLERGY
Marriage is not unclean. But Church hierarchs like Patriarch, Catholicos, Metropolitan etc.; because they are specially responsible officials in the church, who should be constantly concerned about the church, they should be chaste and clean; and they should have emptied themselves from desires of the flesh, and surrendered their body and soul for God's work.
Because priests who administer the parishes will have to move closely with women as they do with men, (1) and human nature is frail and could easily be tempted, (2) it is most reasonable that the Church has decided that they should be upright, married and never involved in remarriage or marriage of widows.


(1) 1 Corinthians: 7:5-6. Do not deprive one another except perhaps by agreement for a set time, to devote yourselves to prayer and then come together again, so that Satan may not tempt you because of your lack of self-control. This I say by way of concession, not of command.
(2) 1 Tim.3:2. Now a bishop must be above reproach, married only once, temperate, sensible, respectable, and hospitable, and an apt teacher. Leviticus - 11:13-14 He shall marry only a woman who is virgin. A widow, or a divorced woman, or a woman who has been defiled, a prostitute, these he shall not marry. He shall many a virgin of his own kin. Tit. 1:6, 1 Corinthians- 7:8, 27
";
ABOUT THE SPIRIT OF MAN
(1) God has decreed condemnation and salvation for man, for body and spirit; not for body alone, or for spirit alone. (2) Spirit is created by God, just as the body is. Though the spirit is created intelligent and eternal, it is not without impediments. The teaching of some people that the spirit of man is a part of God, and not created; and so it is not subject to condemnation, is a great heresy, and something that drags human beings to serious calamity


(1) St. Matthew 10:28 - Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul: rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.
(2) Genesis 1:27 - So God created humankind in his image, in the image of God he created them, male and female he created them. Zech. 12:1. Thus says the Lord, who stretched out the heavens and founded the earth and formed the human spirit within.
";
ABOUT SIN
(1) It is not only that all human beings are liable to be condemned because of original sin, but also all are condemned because of the sins of their actions. Though it is true that no in human being is without sin, (2) sin is not something created I man by nature. (3) It is related to the law of God, and sin was made when then the law of God was violated. (4) Man does good or evil, because of his freedom and not because of the variations of nature in creation. God never created anyone as a sinner. (5) He never compels anyone to do good or evil, to reward him accordingly. (6) But God makes it known to man what is good or evil; and it is God's desire that man shall turn to good and do good, and He helps man for that. He does not help man to do evil, since He does not like it,
(7) and He leaves everything to the will of man. (8) Satan is not given the power to compel anyone to do evil. (9) Satan makes man fall into sin only through temptation. Just as faith and good works vary, sins too vary. (10) However, there is no sin which will not be forgiven through repentance. Those sins, which are said to be for death, and against the Holy Spirit, are those which are not repented; which easily push man to helplessness. Such sins are not forgiven by the prayer of others alone. Therefore, we should not be frustrated about any sin, but should repent before the (11) merciful Lord with broken heart and tears.

(1) Rom. 5:18 Therefore just as one man's trespass led to condemnation for all, so one man's act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all. Rom. 3:9-12 What then? Are we any better off? No, not at all, for we have already charged that all, both Jews and Greeks, are under the power of sin, as it is written: "There is no one who is righteous, not even one, there is no one who has understanding, there is no one who seeks God. All have turned aside, together they have become worthless; there is no one who shows kindness, there is not even one." Gala. 3:22 But the scripture has imprisoned all things under the power of sin, so that what was promised through faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe. Psal. 14:13. 1 John 1:8, 1 Kings 8:46, Eccl. 7:21.
(2) Eccl. 7:29 See, this alone I found, that God made human beings straightforward, but they have devised many schemes.Gen.1:26-27, 31.
(3) 1 Cor. 15:56 The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law Rom. 4:15 For the law brings wrath; but where there is no law, neither is there violation. Rom. 5:13 sin was indeed in the world before the law, but sin is not reckoned when there is no law.
(4) Deu. 11:26,27,28 See I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse: the blessing, if you obey the commandments of the Lord your God that I am commanding you today; and the curse, if you do not obey the commandments of the Lord your God, but turn from the way that I am commanding you today, to follow other gods that you have not known. Deu. 30:15-20.
(5) James 1:13,14,15. No one when tempted, should say, "I am being tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted by evil and he himself Tempts no one. But one is tempted by one's own desire, being lured and enticed by it; then, when that desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin, and that sin, when it is fully grown, gives birth to death. 1 Peter 5:2 to tend the flock of God that is in your charge, exercising the oversight, not under compulsion but willingly, as God would have you do it not for sordid gain but eagerly. Isa. 1:19,20 2 Car. 9:7.
(6) Mic.6:8 He has told you. 0 mortal, what is good; and what does the Lord require of you but to do justice, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your God? 1 Tim 2:4 who desires everyone to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth. Rom. 8:28. (7) Psal. 81:12. So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts, to follow their own counsels.
(8) James 4:7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
(9) Eph. 6:11 Put on the whole armour of God, so that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
(10) John 19:11 one who handed me over to you is guilty of a greater sin.
(11) Jeremiah 3:12 Go, and proclaim these words toward the north, and say_ Return, faithless Israel, says the Lord. I will not look on you in anger, for I am merciful, says the Lord; I will not be angry forever";
"; ABOUT JUSTIFICATION
(1)Just as faith without works in dead, (2) actions which do not arise from good conscience and faith are also dead. (3) The grace of God for mankind is not discriminatory; it is given to all uniformly. He never gives free grace to one and not to another. Therefore, man is not justified by faith alone without works, or by works alone without faith; nor free grace alone. (4) But justification is through free grace, by faith and works.

(1) James 2.17, 26 So faith by itself, if it has no works, is dead. For just as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is also dead.
(2) Rom. 14:23 for whatever does not proceed from faith is sin. Matthew 6:3 But when you give alms, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing.
(3) Rom. 3:22 the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe. For there is no distinction. Rom. 10:11,12,13.
(4) James 2: 21, 22 Was not our ancestor Abraham justified by works when he offered his son Isaac on the altar? You see that faith was active along with his works, and faith was brought to completion by the works. Eph. 2:8. For by grace you have been saved through faith.
"; CONDEMNATION AND PUNISHMENT
(1) The faith and righteousness of all people are not of the same measure. In the same manner, the sins of all people are not of the same measure There are variations in faith, righteousness and sin, (2) Also, God does not give punishment or salvation on the day of judgement uniformly for all; but they vary according to the measure of faith and works of each one. (3) And that is eternal punishment or eternal salvation.
(4) If a person turns from good to evil, then his earlier good shall not be remembered. Similarly, if a person turns from evil to good, his earlier evil shall not be remembered. But each one shall receive eternal salvation or eternal condemnation, according to the standing that each one has in terms of good or evil.
(5) This merciful and just decision of God, instills in repentant person hope and interest. But the teaching of some people that salvation is predestined by God and is through free grace, it shall be the same for all, amounts to making the righteous God an unrighteous one.

(1) Rom. 12:6 We have gifts that differ according to the grace given to us: prophecy, in proportion to faith. Matthew 8:10. When Jesus heard him, he was amazed and said to those who followed him, "Truly I tell you, in no one in Israel have I found such faith." Matthew 14:31, 5:22, 7:3, John 19:11.
(2) Matthew 7:2 For with the judgement you make you will be judged, and the measure you give will be the measure you get. Luke. 12:47. 48:1, I Con 15 41, 42, John 14:2.
(3) Matthew 25:46 And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life. John 3:16, 36.
(4) Ezek. 18:21,22-24. But if the wicked turn away from all their sins that they have committed and keep all my statutes and do what is lawful and right, they shall surely live; they shall not die. None of the transgressions that they have committed shall be remembered against them; for the righteousness that they have done, they shall live. Have I any pleasure in the death of the wicked, says the Lord God, and not rather that they should turn from their ways and live? But when the righteous turn away from their righteousness and commit iniquity and do the same abominable things that the wicked do, shall they live? None of the righteous deeds that they have done shall be remembered; for the treachery of which they are guilty and the sin they have committed, they shall die.
(5) Luke. 15:17,18,19 But when he came to himself he said ‘How many of my father's hired hands have bread enough and to spare.. but here I am dying of hunger! I will get up and go to my father, and I will say to him "Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son; treat me like one of your hired hands"
";
ABOUT REPENTANCE
(1) When a person does not repent about the sins he has committed, and continues to do them, unwilling to move away for them, then it can he said his sin is unto death, and against the Holy Spirit.(2) However, any sinner, if he turns to God with sincere repentance, his sins shall be forgiven, whatever they he. True repentance is to grieve and ask pardon for sins (3) and stop committing sins; and resolve at heart to sincerely obey God in future as it pleases Him. The door of repentance shall not remain closed for any sinner. The teaching of the heretic "Navatheenar" that post- baptism sins, because they arc against the Holy Spirit, shall not be forgiven, is not to he believed; and no sinner shall listen to it and retract from repentance. Instead, they should repent with good hope and true faith about all the sins committed at any time or in any state and turn to God"


(1)Luke 12: 10. And everyone who speaks a. word against the Son of Man be forgiven; but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven. 1 John 5:16. If you see your brother and sister com-mitting what is not a mortal sin, you will ask, and God will give life to such a one to those whose sin is not mortal. There is sin that is mortal; I do lot say that you should pray about that. Matthew 12: 31, 32, Heb.6:4,5,6.
(2) Isa. 1:18 Come now, let us argue it out, says the Lord: though your kills are like scarlet, they shall he like know; though they are like red crimson, they shall become like wool. 1 John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he who is faithful and just will forgive us mu sins and cleans us from all unrighteousness. Mich. 7:18, 19. Hos. 14:4,5,6. Jere, 3:12.
(3) Matthew I8:21,22 Then Peter came and said to him, "Lord, if another member of the church sins against me, how often should I forgive? As many as seven times?" Jesus said to him, "Not seven times, but, I tell you. seventy-seven times." Matthew 26:74,75 Then he began to curse, and he swore an oath, "I do not know the man!" At that moment the cock crowed. Then Peter remembered what Jesus had said: "Before the cock crows you will deny me three times." And he went out and wept bitterly.
";
WHAT DO I DO IN CONFESSION?
The goal of Confession is not to meet a Priest, but rather to meet the true High Priest, our Lord Jesus Christ. So therefore, it is essential that we have alone time with God both before and after sitting with our father of confession.
How? Do the following:
Step 1: Arrive early
Plan to arrive to church 15 minutes BEFORE you plan to meet your Priest. That will give you adequate time to prepare.
Step 2: Spend 10 minutes alone with God before going to Priest
You should never spend more time talking with the Priest than you do with God – the goal is to meet Him right? Use this time to confirm your repentance and preparing to meet the Lord in Confession. In addition, this gives you a chance to review your list of sins for Confession. Some good prayers to pray during this time: Psalm 51 [50], Psalm 32, Psalm 130.
Step 3: Confess your sins to Priest
This step shouldn't take more than 5 minutes [7 minutes at most]. If it takes more time than that, then you need to schedule an appointment for counseling. Confession shouldn't be telling stories. The story isn't important – the sin is. Focus less on the details of the story and more on the sin at the root. Your Priest will tell you when he needs the details.
Step 4: Listen and Record
After telling all your sins, your Priest will advise you in some way. You should bring a notepad in order to write down what he says. Remember, it is not him speaking; he is just the mouthpiece of the Holy Spirit. If God Himself is speaking, wouldn't you want to write it down?
Step 5: Stand up and receive absolution
The priest will then instruct you to stand up and bow your head. He will then place his hands on your head and pray the absolution over you. In the same way that the priest's hands are used to perform the Mystery of the Eucharist, his hands are also used to administer the Mystery of Confession as well. It is not his hands, but rather God working through his hands to absolve your sins and cleanse you from all unrighteousness. You should approach this moment as you would the table of communion – with awe and reverence for being able to partake of this great mystery of forgiveness.
Step 6: Thanksgiving to God
After receiving this great mystery, you need to go spend at least a few minutes alone with God once again, thanking Him for His indescribable gift. Be fully assured that your sins are forgiven and that you have been released from the bondage of sin. You have conquered sin by bringing it to the feet of the Crucified One. Some recommended prayers:
Thanksgiving prayer, Psalm 85, Psalm 126, Psalm 103.";
ABOUT RESURRECTION
Body and soul separate through death, and body is turned dust.(1) But on the Last Day, the body shall be resurrected, and shall unite with the spirit, put on incorruption, and suffer eternal condemnation or eternal salvation, However, it should not be believed in any way, what some heretics and infidels say: that there is no resurrection or that resurrection is only for the righteous, or that resurrection means the spirit leaving one body to enter into another.


(1) Isaiah 26:17 – Your dead shall live, their corpses shall rise. O dwellers in the dust, awake and sing for joy! For your dew is a radiant dew, and the earth will give birth to those long dead. Daniel 12:2 Many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life and some to shame and everlasting contempt. St. John :28,29, Romans 6:5, I Corinthians 15 & Ezekiel : 15.";
ABOUT FREEDON OF CREATIONS,FOREKNOWLEDGE, PREDESTINATION
Though man by nature is liable to lean towards good or evil, (1) human nature is created with the power of free will that he can behave as he chooses. Just as a person has the freedom to commit sin, he has the freedom not to commit sin, if he wills. God only wants that man shall turn his free will towards good, but he never compels anyone to do good or evil, and rewards condemnation or salvation accordingly. However, he helps those who ask him, to do good. Because, eventhough it is true that God has given man sharp intelligence and freedom to turn to what is good and abhor evil, (2) man does not have the power to do any good by himself without the power of God. (3) Because God hates evil, he does not help man to do evil, but leaves him to his own will.
(4) God has the foreknowledge even before the creation of the universe, that such and such people shall be eligible for eternal life, trusting in grace through His Son; and that such and such people shall be eligible for eternal condemnation. (5) But God has not ordained earlier that such and such people shall inherit eternal life, and such and such shall inherit eternal hell. (6) it is not that God has no power and authority to appoint and sanctify for his service those about whom he has foreknowledge. (7) Nor is it that He has not set apart and sanctified those whom he has known in his foreknowledge, that they shall be eligible for his grace and his call.
(8) It only means that God is unbiased, and full of justice and mercy. He does not create and predestine some people so that they become evil, and then punish them; nor does he create and predestine some people so that they become righteous, and the save them; it also means that he does not make some people inherit eternal life and some others eternal hell after making them do good or evil as predestined by him while denying them freedom of will.
But the teaching of some people that whatever things men do, they are made to do so by God as predestined by Him, and these actions shall never be the cause for salvation or condemnation; that salvation and condemnation are given as predestined; shall generate in men the evil thought that "everything will happen as predetermined by God, irrespective of whatever I will or not." This will drag men to great dangers like disappointment, disinterest in spiritual matters ad unholy activities, and it makes a righteous God unrighteous.


(1) Deutronomy. 30:19 I call heaven and earth to witness against you today that I have set before you life and death, blessings and curses. Choose life so that you and your descendants may live. Deu.11:26,27.
(2) John 15:5 because apart from me you can do nothing. Acts 17:28 For ‘in Him we live and move ad have our being'.
(3) Psal. 81:12 So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts, to follow their own counsels. Acts. 14:5 James 1:13,14,15.
(4) Acts. 2:23. This man, handed over to you according to the definite plan and foreknowledge of God, you crucified and killed by the hands of those outside the law. Rom. 8:29, 11:21, Peter 1:2
(5) Mich. 6:3,4. "O my people, what have I done to you? In what have I wearied you? answer me!" For I brought you up from the land of Egypt, and redeemed you from the house of slavery; and I sent before you Moses, Aaron and Miriam. Isa. 5:3,4 And now, inhabitants of Jerusalem and people of Judah, judge between me and my vineyard. What more was there to do for my vineyard that I have not done in it? When I expected it to yield grapes, why did it yield wild grapes? Rom. 2:4,5,6 Do you not realize that God's kindness is meant to lead you repentance? But by your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath for yourselves on the day of wrath, when God's righteous judgement will be revealed. Rom. 11:20,21,22. Isa 1:16-20
(6) Rom.9:21 Has the potter no right over the clay, to make out of the same lump one object for special use and another one for ordinary use? Jere 1:5 " Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you; I appointed you a prophet to the nations."
(7) Rom. 8:29,30 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of the Son, in order that he might be the first born within a large family and those he predestined he also called; and those whom he called he also justified; and those whom he justified he also glorified.
(8) Rom. 2:11 For God shows no partiality. Psal 19:9-10 the ordinances of the Lord are true and righteous altogether. More to be desired are they than gold, even much fine gold; sweeter also than honey, and drippings of the honeycomb. 1 Peter 1:17,23.
";
ABOUT THE HOLY SCRIPTURES
All are bound to accept as prominent those books in the Old and New Testament, written through the Holy Spirit, set apart and confirmed by the holy Fathers canonically.

Names and number of the important books in the Old Testament
Books of Moses       5
Book of Joshua,son of Nun       1
Book of Judges       1
Book of Ruth        3
Esther(it is included in the Bible we use today)
Book of Samuel       2
Book of Kings       2
Book of Chronicles       2
Book of Ezra(including Nehemiah)      2
Book of Maccabees       3
Book of Job       1
Book of David containing 150 Psalms       1
Book of Solomon       4
Book of Prophets      16
Old Testament— Total(including
the 39 books of Protestant Churches)     41

In the above list, there is mention about four books of Solomon because his Book of Proverbs is divided into two. Proverbs chapter 25, verse 1, gives a title, "Solomon's Deep Proverbs." Hence the next portion of the book is considered as a separate book. In the 16 prophetical books, book of Daniel is included with Soosan.

The important books in the New Testment and their number are as follows:
Evangelion(gospels)books  4
Epistles of Paul            14
Epistles of Peter           2
Epistles of John           3
Epistle of James           1
Epistle of Judah           1
Epistles of Clement        2
Book of Acts of Apostles   1

The following books are also approved in the church as important. However, Fathers like Athanasius the great, Dionysius of Alexandria have expressed doubts about some of them, and have recommended some others to be read for learning and edification. The following books belong to this category:
The Big Book of Wisdom of Solomon, Book of Baraseera, Book of Esther, Book of Judith
Book of Tobit, 'Didache' of Apostles, Books of Sherpherd Hermas, Book of Revelation of St. John
Epistle of Barnabas and Revelation of Paul and others
The Holy Bible: Our books (Orthodox) 41+28=69 and for Protestants 39 +27 = 66

All the books written by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit are useful for teaching, good counsel, exercise in righteousness, and confirmation in faith. Therefore just as liturgical books, devotional hymns, sermons, interpretations, historical books, Canon laws etc. prepared by the Doctors of the Holy Orthodox Church are approved in the Church, such writings prepared in the future shall be approved only after being examined by the chief hierarchs of the church.";
1. Abo  -  Father
2. Aboon  -  Our Father
3. Adamo do seno  -  Until I come
4. Ahai  -  My brethren
5. Aloho  -  God
6. Aman Amen  -  So be it, with us
7. Amen  -  So be it, (Same with)
8. Anido  -  Departedsoul (dead)
9. Bathraihun – mena oolam ol meenameen  -  Forever in the two worlds Amen
10. Barekmor  -  Bless me O Lord
11. Beskudissa  -  Place of holiness
12. Bovooso  -  Songs of intercession
13. Bro  -  Son
14. Burksa  -  That which is blessed
15. Damo  -  Blood
16. Danaha  -  Rising (the sun of righteousness arose at the time of baptism at Jordan)
17. Dukarono  -  Remembrance
18. Eehidayakar  -  Solitary living persons
19. Ereyar  -  Angel who is always awake
20. Ekbo  -  Foot or stanza
21. Emo  -  Mother
22. Eniyono  -  Meditative Songs
23. Ethro  -  Prayer with incense
24. Episcopos  -  Bishop
25. Evengelion (Greek)  -  Gospel
26. Habibai  -  My beloved one
27. Haleluyya  -  Praise the Lord
28. Hoosoyo  -  A prayer of propitiation
29. Hoothomo  -  Concluding prayer of the Holy Qurbana
30. Hoso Vabu Koola suban la-olmeen  -  Now and always and forever and ever
31. Kadeesanmar  -  Saints
32. Kadeesathaloho  -  Holy art thou O God
33. Kadeeso  -  Saints
34. Kahanenmar  -  Priests
35. Kahanoosa  -  Priestly job
36. Kaseeso  -  Priest,(elder)
37. Kolas  -  Hymns (songs)
38. Kukilion  -  A verse of psalm
39. Kuriyelaison  -  O Lord have mercy
40. Kymtha  -  Resurrection
41. Luthiniya  -  Petition responding with corresponding words
42. Maneeso  -  Song of Praise
43. Masumoor  -  Psalm
44. Mavurba  -  Glorification (Song of Mary)
45. Mena olam vada mela olam ol meena meen  -  As it was from the beginning and shall be forever and ever Amen
46. Moran esraham Melayin  -  O Lord have mercy upon us
47. Moran Husrahem Melayin  -  O Lord with kindness have mercy upon us
48. Morio  -  Lord
49. Morio rahem Melyn Uadaryn  -  Lord have mercy upon us and help us
50. Moronoyo  -  Relating to the Lord
51. Msamsono  -  Deacon
52. Msheeho  -  He who is anointed
53. Nehavoon  -  Be with
54. Nibiyanmar  -  Prophets
55. Oritha  -  The five books of Moses
56. Oyar  -  Sky (air space)
57. Phagaro  -  Body
58. Praksees  -  Acts of Apostles
59. Promeon  -  Preface
60. Rooho  -  Spirit
61. Rusma  -  Sign (benediction)
62. Sadeeke  -  Righteous person
63. Sahada  -  Martyr
64. Samio  -  Blind
65. Sedro  -  Order
66. Selum bashslomo  -  Go in peace
67. Shyno  -  Goodwill
68. Shyno-u-slomo  -  Goodwill and peace
69. Slomo  -  Peace
70. Sleeho  -  Those who are sent (apostle)
71. Soonoyo  -  Ascension of the mother
72. Slooso  -  Prayer
73. Srapikal  -  Angels with six wings
74. Sthoumankalos (Greek  -  Stand we well (Let us stand well)
75. Subaho Labo Labro Vala Rooho Kadeesho  -  Glory be to the Father, to the Son and to the Holy Spirit
76. Subaho Lok Moran  -  Glory to you O God
77. Subaho Lok Sabran  -  Praise to you our helper forever
78. Subukono  -  Remission of sin
79. Thubden  -  But again
80. Thooyobo  -  Preparation service done in secret
81. Yeldo  -  Birth of the Lord;
The poor shall eat and be satisfied, and those who seek the Lord shall praise Him; their hearts shall live forever!
Glory to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit, now and ever and unto ages of ages. Amen.
Lord, have mercy! (3 times)
O Christ God, bless the food and drink of Thy servants, for Thou art holy, always, now and ever and unto ages of ages. Amen.